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What is Adaptive Skiing?


Adaptive skiing uses specialized equipment and/or training to allow people (with disabilities) to experience the benefits of skiing. Skiing and snowboarding provide a sense of freedom that is difficult to duplicate in other sports. Skiing is a fantastic sport for people with physical disabilities or visual impairments in that it helps to develop balance, fitness, confidence, motivation, and social skills. Simply put – Skiing is Skiing!

The primary methods for adaptive skiing and riding are stand-up, sit-down, snowboarding, and ski bike. Stand up skiing includes 2-track, 3-track, and 4-track, while sit skiing includes bi-ski, dual-ski, and monoski.


Rooted in accidental injury and war

Started in Europe around WWII – realized importance of participation in sports

Early focus on 3-track (amputees)

Disabled Sports USA formed in 1967 by Vietnam Veterans – Originally, National Amputee Skiers Association

Passing of ADA in 1990

First accepted in Olympics (Paralympics) in 1992

 Development of Technology

·                  Pre-1970 – Outriggers

·                  1974 – Ski Bra is discovered at a ski show. Helps keep tips from crossing.

·                  1975 – Toe-Spreader – Bar that fits under the bindings and across the skis

·                  1976 – Slant Board – inserted under bindings to give forward or backward slant

·                  1978 – First sit ski – ‘Plunk’ cross country sled for paraplegics

·                  1980 – Arroya Sled for alpine skiing became part of the national games (like a toboggan)

·                  1984 – Mono-ski developed

·                  1986 – Bi-ski developed

 Adaptive Adventures,

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